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While Staff Evacuated, Remote Video
Cameras Captured Real-time Images of Fires

Warren Froelich | November 5, 2007

San Diego Wildfires (Photo / National Science Foundation)
This shot from the real-time HPWREN, connected atop Lyons peak was taken and archived on 7:48am on Wednesday, Oct. 24, 2007, during the height of the Harris fire, which burned almost 100,000 acres in San Diego County last week.

(Credit: HPWREN
)
Watch a video of the multi-day birth of a firestorm time lapse captured from HPWREN.

Like more than a half-million San Diegans, Hans Werner-Braun—a networking researcher at the San Diego Supercomputer Center at UC San Diego—was forced to evacuate his home during the recent county firestorms.

But remote video cameras perched on some of the county’s mountains and bluffs by Braun and his team from the National Science Foundation-supported High-Performance Wireless Research and Education Network (HPWREN) provided fire crews with real-time commanding views of the fires, saving valuable time and personnel.

Braun, HPWREN principal investigator—in partnership with UCSD’s Scripps Institution of Oceanography and San Diego State University—continued to monitor the network’s cameras as workers extinguished the fire. Accident investigators from the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (CAL FIRE) have requested these images during this, and six previous county fires, to help save lives and protect property.

“The HPWREN real-time cameras tell us what is happening before engines or chiefs can get there,” says CAL FIRE Emergency Command Chief Tom Gardner. “They tell us clearly where to go when are getting swamped with locals calling it in.”

San Diego Wildfires (Photo / National Science Foundation)
A view facing west from HPWREN.

(Credit: HPWREN
)

Said Braun: “It’s applications like this that keep HPWREN interesting for us.”

Chris Hinshaw, manager of the San Diego County Sheriff's Department's wireless communications office, further described the cameras' contributions as "especially helpful as they are set up with a 360-degree view from each site in small thumbnails so you can browse quickly. We were also able to estimate potential damage to our radio site by observing the fire as it moved through the facilities, and observe remedial actions such as fuel deliveries for our generators using the cameras. They are a force multiplier for us."

In addition to CAL FIRE, rural communities in the greater San Diego area created blogs that point residents to HPWREN cameras, enabling residents to check the whereabouts of blazes and acquire related information not otherwise available from traditional media.

The Lyon's Peak cameras have been especially useful for people in the Jamul community, who monitored camera footage through their neighborhood blog.

HPWREN (Photo / National Science Foundation)
HPWREN, when new, perched on Lyon's Peak, a San Diego area mountaintop.

(Credit: National Science Foundation
)

"I've heard from many Jamulians about the cameras, all with basically the same message: the cameras were what kept them sane. They were the only reliable source of information about where the fire was burning," said local resident Tom Dilatus. "It was extremely comforting to see the tiny stationary lights of what we guessed were fire engines stationed along Sierra Cielo and the dirt road to the east of our property as the flames came through last night. At least we knew that the necessary forces had been deployed."

The goal of the HPWREN project is to demonstrate and evaluate a non-commercial, prototype, high-performance, wide-area wireless network in San Diego and Riverside counties. The network includes backbone nodes on the San Diego Supercomputer Center and San Diego State campuses and a number of hard-to-reach areas in remote environments. It hosts the HPWREN servers and provides for its Internet connectivity, supporting the access to the camera images fore more than 10,000 users during the fires, at more than 10 gigabytes a day. On Oct. 25, downloads from one server alone added up to more than 70 gigabytes of data.

In addition to assisting state and local authorities with wireless networking technologies during emergencies, HPWREN is used for network analysis research and provides high-speed Internet access to field researchers in geophysics, astronomy and ecology as well as educational opportunities for rural Native American learning centers and schools.

 

For background information about a newly established regional command and control communications network and HPWREN's involvement, click here.

 

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