A new study in Antarctic waters has found a significant decrease of salinity, or freshening of the seawater surrounding the Ross Ice Shelf, indicating that ice shelf melt is caused by warming surface waters following sea ice disappearance.
Destructive free radicals exist in marine ecosystems and are thought to degrade the cells of phytoplankton and other organisms. A new paper, however, suggests that these molecules actually play a beneficial role, upending some conventional wisdom.
California already has the most volatile water resources in the country. Scripps scientists discovered that the state’s precipitation, as it becomes less frequent but preferentially stronger, will vacillate even more wildly between extremes of drought and flooding as a consequence of climate change.
For the first time oceanographers monitored a polynya – or gap – in Antarctic winter sea ice. It was an opportunity that came about as a result of uncanny timing and a seasoned Scripps oceanographer’s knowledge of the sea.
A research group at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego is part of an international team of scientists that has located the geographic origin of emissions of a chemical banned by the Montreal Protocol.
Scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego and NOAA who analyzed data from deep-diving ocean robots and research cruises say deep South Pacific waters originating from Antarctica are warming three times faster than they were in the 1990s.
A team of researchers led by Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego has created a scale to characterize the strength and impacts of “atmospheric rivers,” long narrow bands of atmospheric water vapor pushed along by strong winds.
Santa Ana winds, seasonal gusts of dry desert air that can bring havoc to Southern California, might become less common, especially in fall and spring, as the conditions that drive them change, according to a pair of researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego.
An event that occurred nearly 20 years ago led to a profound ecological upheaval in Antarctica. Now researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography and colleagues report on what that event and its aftermath can tell society about the ability of marine life to adapt to sudden change.
Oceanographers and engineers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego collaborated to modify a common physical oceanography instrument to be able to image zooplankton as it glides through the ocean.